Case Studies – North

    Vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate change Gagas River  Basin, Almora District, Uttarakhand

    Author
    Anita Paul

    Study area
    Gagas River Basin, Ranikhet, Almora

    Objectives
    To assess the impact of climate change on quality of life of communities living in Gagas river basin.

    Methodology
    Peoples’ perception on change in biodiversity, hydrology and agriculture. Secondary data already with Grassroots Organization will also be utilized for the purpose.

    Expected outputs
    The study would reveal the impact of climate change on hydrology, energy, land-use pattern, health, livelihoods and food security of the people of Gagas river basin.

    Expert Comments

    • Warming and transpiration loss may be correlated
    • A format for peoples’ perception needs to be developed
    • Migration of people and its impacts may also be studied.

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Study on Carbon Sequestration through Bamboo Plantation in Himalayan Region of Uttarakhand

    Author
    Anjuli Agrawal

    Study area
    Nainital and Almora districts of Kumaun

    Objectives
    To assess the carbon sequestered through a stand of bamboo in the Himalayan region

    Methodology

    • Plantation has already been done in the Kumaon region at various places in Nainital and Almora districts.
    • Data collection on culms dynamics & biomass production from the plantations.
    • Estimation of soil analysis i.e. organic matter and organic carbon.
    • Analysis of carbon sequestered.

    Expected outputs
    Rate of carbon sequestration from bamboo plantations in Kumaun

    Expert suggestions

    • Uses of bamboo in the study area to be documented.
    • Some useful analysis like how much natural plantation native species would be saved if they are replaced with bamboo, may be synthesized using primary as well as secondary data.

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh
    Dr. Digvijay Singh Khati
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Impact of Biostabilization Measures on Soil Carbon Pool In Varunavat Landslide of Uttarkashi District, Garhwal Himalayas

    Author
    Ashish Rawat

    Study area
    Varunavat landslide area, Uttarkashi, Garhwal, Uttarakhand

    Objectives

    • To study carbon pool in landslide undamaged, damaged and re-vegetated sites
    • To study the carbon sequestered through the bio-stabilization measures in Varunavat landslide area

    Methodology
    Three site will be studied for the purpose i.e., Landslide Damaged Sites, Landslide Undamaged Sites (Natural Forest), re-vegetated sites.
    Soil samples will be collected from each site and will be analysed following standard analytical methods.

    Expected outputs
    The study will give a comparative account of carbon sequestration by various bio-stabilization measures undertaken in Varunawal landslide area.

    Mentor
    Prof. S.P. Singh

    Water and soil-moisture conservation and livelihood generation as an adaptation to upcoming threats of climate change. A case study from Shikuti river, Sansarpur village, Allahabad

    Author
    Ashutosh Tripathi

    Study area
    Shikuti river, Sansarpur Village, Allahabad (U.P.)

    Objectives
    To study the impacts of global warming on Shikuti river and surrounding villages.

    Methodology
    Perception based study

    Expected outputs

    • Impact of global warming on ground water table
    • Seasonal variations in amount of water in river and other water sources

    Expert suggestions

    • Time series data to be collected
    • Meteorological data from concerned department
    • Changing pattern in livelihood generation activities due to climate change
    • Changes in landuse patterns due to global climate change

    Mentor
    Dr. Gopal Singh

    A Himalayan village under climate change microscope

    Author
    Bharat Patwal

    Study area
    Two villages of Garhwal Himalaya

    Methodology

    • Collection of primary and secondary data on meteorology,  natural resources, socio-economic profile
    • Perception based study using PRA tools and interview with community members particularly women to know climate changes and its impacts
    • Time line exercise to list  out local indicators of climate change

    Expected outputs

    • Peoples perception on climate change
    • Impacts of climate change already happened and expected future risks
    • Various adaptive measures adopted by people 

    Expert suggestions

    • Data on pest & diseases and there relation with climate change
    • Nandprayag community may also be studied
    • Changes in agriculture pattern

    Mentors
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal
    Ms Pragya Varma
    Dr. Pushkin Phartiyal

    Climate change in print media

    Author
    Bhaskar Upreti

    Study area
    Doon valley

    Expert suggestions
    Keeping in view the profession of the person, he was suggested to develop case study on "Climate change in print media" instead of proposed topic "Increasing pollution in Doon valley and its impact on the climate". For this purpose he will be required to collect data on published news relating to climate change in local/ regional/ national news papers in the last 5 years. These news related to climate change may be regarding human disease, water borne diseases and increase in vehicles, etc. and would give the perception of the print media about climate change.

    Mentors
    Dr. Pushkin Phartiyal

    Phenological shifts and impacts on socio-economic conditions of the local communities in Uttarakhand: A case study from Dewal region

    Author
    Dhani Arya

    Study area
    Three villages in Dewal block, Chamoli, Uttarakhnad

    Objectives

    • To assess the phonological shifts of economically important plant species.
    • To assess the socio-economic impacts of climate change.

    Methodology
    Perception based study

    Expected output

    • A list of economically important species with their phonological shift in time.
    • Changing patterns in socioeconomic conditions in correlation with climate change.

    Expert suggestions

    • Altitudinal change in species composition and phenology may also be studied
    • Effect of snow on sspecies phenology may also be studied

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi
    Dr. Ashish Tewari

    Climate change (Change in rainfall pattern) and its impacts on agriculture: A case study from Bajina village, Almora, Uttarakhand

    Author
    Gopal Singh Dev

    Study area
    Bajina, Tarikhet, Uttarakhand

    Expert suggestions
    Study may be combined with another CCL Pankaj Tewari, who is also working in same area.

    Mentor
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Importance and role of mixed forestry in biodiversity conservation and preservation in the context of climate change

    Author
    Jagat Singh Jangli

    Study area
    Rudraprayag, Garhwal, Uttarakhand

    Plan of activities
    Documentation of field experiences on adaptive measures taken in the field of dried up water resource restoration through mixed forestry model.

    Mentors
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal
    Dr. Vijai P. Singh

    Documentation of ITK (Indigenous Traditional Knowledge) and rural community’s perception about climate change in high hill temperate region of Himachal Pradesh

    Author
    Jagdish Singh

    Study area
    High hill temperate region of Himachal Pradesh

    Objectives

    • Documentation of ITK (Indigenous Traditional Knowledge) for climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.
    • Documentation of rural community’s perception about climate change.

    Expected outputs

    • Knowledge & information on ITK for formal climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in high hill temperate region of Himachal Pradesh.
    • Local people’s perception about climate change, which will help in implementation of any governmental plans and make any policy decisions.
    • Incorporating indigenous knowledge can add value to the development of sustainable climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies that are rich in local content and planned in conjunction with local people.

    Expert suggestions

    • No. of human – wildlife conflicts may be recorded which may be an indicator of food shortage as a result of climate change.
    • Frequency of crop damage by wildlife.
    • Climate change and food shortage for wild animals.
    • Change in the phenology of medicinal plants in relation to climate change.

    Mentor
    Dr. S.S. Samant

    Efficacy of CDM in newly created Uttarakhand state

    Author
    Manish Khanna

    Methodology
    Secondary data regarding tourist inflow, vehicles etc. from different departments would be collected. The season wise analysis of data would be carried out.

    Expected outcome
    Effect of climate change on tourist and hotel industry.

    Expert Suggestion

    • Number of tourist during Christmas and New Year time should be adequately analyzed.
    • As the CCL has a great wish to work on CDM, therefore, experts suggested him to work on new on Clean Development Mechanism and change the title as "Efficacy of CDM in newly created Uttarakhand state" from the proposed titile Tourism and climate change: a case study from Nainital, Uttarakhand.

    Mentors
    Prof S.P. Singh
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal
    Dr. Vijai P Singh

    Climate Change and the Himalayas: Risk Perceptions and Responses of Key Stakeholders. A case study of the Headwaters of the Ganges

    Author
    Manoj Bhatt

    Study area
    Two representative villages in Headwaters of Ganges.

    Objectives
    To study risk perceptions and responses of various stakeholders of the headwaters of Ganges.

    Methodology
    People’s perception by PRA and personal interviews of different stakeholders.

    Expected outputs

    • Climate change and risk perceptions by farmers, policy players, government, political party leaders, panchayat leaders, research institutions and businesses leaders.
    • Various adaptation and mitigation measures undertaken by farmers with regard to climate Change.
    • Needs, priorities and policy level changes required in view of Climate change in Himalaya.

    Expert suggestions
    A detailed questionnaire needs to be developed in conjunction with other ccls, i.e. Bharat Patwal, Anita Paul and Prabhu Dayal Shrma, who are also working on similar lines in their areas.

    Mentors
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal

    People’s Perception on the impact of Climate Change in Garhwal Himalayan Region: A Case Study from Kunjapuri Hills

    Author
    Megha Rawat

    Study area
    Kunjapuri Hills, Garhwal, Uttarakhand

    Objectives

    • To analyse the perceptions of local people towards climate change.
    • To study the impact of climate change on economically important species and livelihoods of the people.

    Methodology
    Perception based study which will include household survey, with PRA, focused group discussions, and open-ended interviews with key persons with the help of a structured questionnaire.

    Significance of the study

    The case study is relevant for Indian Himalayan region because the forest ecosystems are sensitive to climate change and its related manifestations. This will, in turn, impact the forest based communities because of their strong connection to the forest ecosystems. 
    An understanding to perceptions of risk due to climate change is important for anticipating and assessing actual and potential adaptive responses of particular social groups.

    This evaluation exercise will provide insights on projects related to adaptation to climate change, and mountain vulnerability.

    Expert suggestions

    Experts suggested following things may also be included in the study:

    • Gaddi and Gujar tribes may also be included in study
    • Effect of global warming on nomadic movement
    • Changing pattern in migration

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Status of awareness regarding climate change in society

    Authors
    Narendra Singh Rautella

    Study area
    Khtima, Udhamsingh Nagar

    Objectives

    • To assess the impacts of climate change in tribal belt of Khatima block.
    • To assess the frequency of diseases and change in disease patterns.

    Methodology
    Peoples’s perception based study through personal/ group interviews with the help of questionnaire.

    Expected outputs
    The study would reveal the relation between climate change and some disease outbreak.  It would also tell how tribal people of the area are responding to climate change.

    Expert suggestions
    The experts suggested to add health related aspects, changes in agriculture, plants and birds particularly Goraiya, change in food habits of people and also phenological changes (Change in flowering) in plant species for example Bombex ceiba

    Mentor
    Dr. H.C. Joshi

    Climate change and its impact on community structure of butterflies in a forest ecosystem in western Himalayas

    Author
    P.C. Joshi

    Study area
    Rajaji National Park in the vicinity of Haridwar city.

    Objectives
    The main objective of the study is to establish a cause and effect relationship among temperature, humidity, wind speed, community structure of butterflies (density, abundance and richness), species composition and comparison of data with our previous records.

    Expected outputs

    • The study will result in establishing correlation between climate change and change species composition of butterflies. And also will reveal cause and effect relationship with temperature, humidity, wind speed and Community structure of butterflies (density, abundance and richness), species composition.
    • Comparison of data with our previous records.

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh

    Climate change rhythms vis a vis adoption of organic practices for sustainable livelihood, a Case Study from chemical prone belt of Khuchgarh valley of Uttarakhand

    Author
    Pankaj Tewari

    Study area
    Five (05) villages i.e. Daurab, Bajina, Bajol, Malona and Khusalkot Tarikhet block of Almora district, Uttarakhand have been selected for the study.

    Objectives

    • Study the climatic data and agrochemical usage pattern over the past few years.
    • Compare the economics of conventional and organic farming systems.
    • Study the attitude of community towards adoption of organic farming.
    • Study the impact of organic practices in sustaining natural resources and livelihood.

    Methodology

    The extensive field survey been made before final selection of villages using tools like Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), stakeholder analysis, general observation and transect walk, focus group discussion (FGD), individual interviews, soil analysis and questionnaires for exploring the local flora and fauna for last few years and collection of secondary data from allied departments and Gram Panchayats/FIGs.

    In all 150 households (40%) were adopted under the programme for intervention. The impact of organic cultivation was studied based on household data and group discussions.

    Expected outputs
    The study would tell the impacts of organic farming in a chemical prone belt in a duration of five years.

    Mentors
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Bio-resource utilization for livelihood and establishment of Nav Grah Vatika

    Author
    Prabhu Dayal Sharma

    Study area
    Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh.

    Expert suggestions
    Needs to revise his case study and may be on people’s perception on climate change effects on livelihood activities.

    Mentors
    Dr. S.S. Samant

    Climate change and water resource depletion:  a case study from three villages of Nainital, Uttarakhand

    Authors
    Rama Bisht

    Study area
    Three villages of Nainital district, Uttarakhand.

    Objectives
    To assess the impacts of climate change on water resources.

    Methodology
    Perception based study. A questionnaire will be developed and data regarding climate change and its impacts on water resources would be collected.

    Expected outputs
    Information on water resources depletion as a result of climate change.

    Expert suggestions
    A questionnaire needs to be developed and data to be collected through PRA, focused group discussions, and personal interviews.

    Mentors
    Dr. H.C. Joshi

    Combating climate change issues: A case study on butterflies and birds from Surya-kunj (an ex-situ conservation site), Almora, West Himalaya

    Author
    Ravindra K. Joshi

    Study area
    An ex-conservation site (Suryakunj) Almora.

    Objectives
    Establishing correlation between climate change and butterflies and birds.

    Expert suggestions
    Methodology needs to be clearly defined.

    Mentors
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Potential threats to the Uttarakhand hill communities due to climate change related natural disasters

    Author
    Rohit Devlal

    Objectives
    To understand the potential threats of climate change caused natural disasters on hill communities.

    Methodology

    • Selection of the representative district of Uttarakhand using matrix ranking method.
    • Primary data: Observations of different groups viz. agriculturists, horticulturists, FUG’s, revenue department, Medical Department, Police department & local community members: Tools: Focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews.
    • Secondary data: From Meteorological department, DMMC, Relief & Rehabilitation department & internet.

    Expected outcome

    • Potential threats of climate change related natural disasters in the representative district.
    • Broad risk areas within the district.
    • Awareness in the community about climate change related natural disasters.
    • Recommendations on DRR & adaptation approach.

    Expert Suggestions
    May focus on effect of climate change on glacier retreat and GLOFs.

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh

    Effect of climate change (Post industrialization change) on agriculture, plants and human beings: a case study from Rudrapur, Uttarakhand

    Author
    Sachin Kumar

    Study area
    Industrial belt of Rudrapur, Udhamsingh Nagar.

    Objectives

    • To study the impacts of climate change caused industrialization on agriculture, plants and human beings.
    • To establish cause and effect relationship among temperature, humidity, and diseases.

    Methodology
    Peoples’ perception based study through PRA, focused group discussion and personal interviews with the help of questionnaire.

    Expert suggestions
    A structured questionnaire needs to be developed and survey to be conducted in nearby localities of Rudrapur industrial belt.

    Mentors
    Dr. Dhananjay Mohan
    Dr. B.M.S. Rathor
    Dr. H.C. Joshi

    Impact of Climate Change on carbon footprint, mountain agriculture and local level adaptations in Mandakini Valley

    Author
    Salini Misra

    Study area
    Mandakini valley part of Kedarnath Wildlife Division in Rudraprayag district.

    Objectives

    • Record the major crop pattern changes in their traditional crops and cropping practices  and correlating it with  the climatic data. Adaptations related to Climatic changes influencing agriculture related activities.
    • Find if market forces are the cause of change in indigenous crop combinations more than Climate change.
    • Efforts will also be to develop carbon foot print of local residents based on their biomass based life style.

    Methodology

    • Review of historical records.
    • Data collection by documenting people’s perceptions through structured and semi-structured questionnaires  using stratified random sampling.
    • Developing cropping  pattern calendar for past 30 years.
    • Correlate the available 25 years of available climatic data (1982-2007) with agricultural changes in the valley.
    • Calculating  Biomass based CARBON FOOTPRINT of the area.
    • GHG Protocol (By World Resources Institute and World Business council for sustainable development) by dividing total emissions into direct and indirect emissions.

    Expected outputs

    • Climate Change and change in agriculture cropping pattern.
    • Change in carbon foorprint.

    Expert suggestions
    The study of carbon foot print may be omitted.

    Mentors
    Dr. Archana Godbole
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Flying is no escape…“Behavioral Change in Migratory Birds due to Climate Change”

    Author
    Sarfraj Hasan

    Study area
    Pong Dam Bird Reserve, HP.

    Objectives
    To study the change in the composition, duration of stay and migratory behavior of migratory birds affected by climate change.

    Expected outputs

    • Change in bird species composition over the last 20 years.
    • Change in duration of stay, route and behavior of migratory bird.

    Expert suggestions

    • Arrival and departure of birds to be reported.
    • Dates may be correlated with climate change.

    Mentor
    Dr. Salim Ali

    Effect and adaptation to climate change on mountain life: a case study of tribal area of Jaunpur in Garhwal Himalaya

    Author
    Uday Nand Gaur

    Study area
    Thirteen 13 villages of Jaunpur, Garhwal Himalaya.

    Objectives

    • Study of climate change in relation to lifestyle, biodiversity, agriculture and social change.
    • To study the various techniques of adaptation by tribal people in context of climate change.

    Methodology
    Perception based study using PRA tools, timeline study, focused group discussions and personal interviews particularly of people of >60years age so that they may answer questions relating to changes that have taken place over the last 40 years as a result of climate.

    Expected outputs

    • Tribal people and their lifestyle changes effected by climate change.
    • Change in their cropping patterns, food habits etc.
    • Traditional adaptations of tribal poeple.

    Expert suggestions
    A structured questionnaire needs to be developed.

    Mentors
    Prof. S.P. Singh
    Dr. G.C.S. Negi

    Forest fire and Climate Change

    Author
    Vishal Singh

    Objectives
    To understand climate change and its impacts on forest fire.

    Methodology

    • The secondary data on forest fire and meteorology for the last 10 years will be collected from various departments, institutes/ agencies (Forest department, ISRO, USAC).
    • Expert advice, traditional/local knowledge, peoples perception (Multi disciplinary Landscape Assessment) advanced form of PRA (developed by CIFOR, Indonesia).

    Expected outputs
    A cause and effect relationship of climate change and forest fire would be developed.

    Mentors
    Dr. Ashish Tewari
    Dr. Rajeev Semwal

    Ground water fall and vegetation loss: A case study from Mirjapur, Tahbarpur, Ahraula developmental blocks of Azamgarh district

    Author
    Vivek Kumar

    Objectives
    To assess the impacts of climate change on cropping patterns, composition, seasonal changes and yield.

    Methodology
    People’s perception based study.

    Study area
    Mirjapur, Tahbarpur and Ahraula blocks of Azamgarh district, Uttar Pradesh.

    Methodology
    Perception based study.

    Expert suggestions
    Climate change and agriculture in Gangatic plains needs to be taken up and defined properly.

    Mentors
    Dr. Gopal Singh
    BHU, Varanasi